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The Contract Series: The Contract; Hit BETTER


Frequently the legal contract is the last hurdle to beginning a new HIT project, and, for many health care organizations, the process can be a source of frustration in acquiring new technologies. This session focused on best practices for maximizing the effectiveness of contract negotiations for HIT projects. We examined key legal issues and practical implications arising from the process and the substantive contract terms. We identified tips and traps based on real world experience with contract successes and failures.




The Contract Series: The Contract; Hit



Contract killing provides the hiring party with the advantage of not having to carry out the actual killing, making it more difficult for law enforcement to connect the hirer with the murder. The likelihood that authorities will establish that party's guilt for the committed crime, especially due to lack of forensic evidence linked to the contracting party, makes the case more difficult to attribute to the hiring party. Contract killers may exhibit serial killer traits, but are generally not classified as such because of third-party killing objectives and detached financial and emotional incentives.[2][3][4] Nevertheless, there are occasionally individuals that are labeled as both contract killers and serial killers.[5][6][7]


A study by the Australian Institute of Criminology of 162 contract murders and attempted contract murders in Australia between 1989 and 2002 indicated that the most common reason for murder-for-hire was insurance policy payouts. The study also found that payments varied from $5,000 to $30,000 per killing, with an average of $15,000, and that the most commonly used weapons were firearms. Contract killings accounted for 2% of murders in Australia during that time period.[8]Contract killings generally make up a small percentage of murders. For example, they accounted for about 5% of all murders in Scotland from 1993 to 2002.[9]


Ryan Patrick of Oswego, New York, and Ben Sasse, the soon-to-be-former United States senator, may be surprised to learn they have something in common. Patrick recently learned he won $10 million in the Colossal Cash scratch-off lottery game and Ben Sasse just signed a highly unusual contract to become the next president of the University of Florida.


Over the last decade, we have collected and analyzed the contracts of more than 300 university presidents. The contract for president-designee Sasse, with a potential value of nearly $10 million across his five-year term, is the richest we have seen. We have carefully reviewed the contract. Here are the details.


He will be eligible for performance bonuses each year. If he receives the maximum bonus each year, that is a bit more than $812,000. Over the term of the contract, he also will receive additional contributions to a retirement account of about another $800,000. The value of his standard fringe benefits adds at least another $1.7 million.


There are three unusual perks that we have never seen in a public university president's contract. While some presidential contracts provide for tuition waivers for a spouse and children, Sasse's contract also includes these waivers for his parents and his grandchildren. In addition, many presidential contracts provide for spousal/partner travel when this is deemed beneficial to the university. Sasse's contract includes this benefit for his spouse and for their three children. Finally, the university has agreed to pay for the family's health insurance for about a month, should he lose the current coverage before the university policy takes effect.


Lastly, one of the most unusual features of his contract is the terms for a post-presidential faculty appointment. In those states where such appointments are permitted, the specific terms are always specified within the initial contract. These typically include a transition sabbatical at full presidential pay, a predetermined salary and almost always tenure (assuming the president holds a terminal degree). None of these terms are in Sasse's contract. Rather, he is guaranteed an appointment as a full-time faculty member "in an appropriate rank and academic department with the specific arrangement for his post-presidency faculty appointment, assignment and salary being subject to the approval of the Board Chair."


This language gives the chair of the governing board wide latitude in determining Sasse's post-presidential salary and assignment. In theory, he could decide that Sasse will continue to be paid his presidential salary or something significantly less; grant him tenure or give him a term contract; or require that Sasse teach three courses per term or none at all.


While Sasse has his doctorate in history, according to the contract, the board chair could assign him to any department in the university. As we said, we have never come across a contract with the terms of a post-presidential appointment so open-ended or with the board chair having what is essentially sole authority to dictate the terms.


In fact, this contract gives the board chair sole authority over many things, including the president's annual performance bonus; annual performance goals (set in conjunction with Sasse); determining whether a possible resignation was submitted to avoid being terminated for cause; waiving the required period of notice for resignation; and approving Sasse's outside activities, including those for which Sasse may be paid. In each of these cases, the board chair is not required to seek approval of the full board, only to notify them of the action he has taken.


Both the ports of L.A. and Long Beach, the two busiest, expressed confidence that a contract agreement will be reached without disruption to port operations. The two negotiating parties have signed a statement saying they will not partake in lock-outs or slowdowns during the negotiating process.


The current contract, which covers some 22,000 workers at 29 West Coast ports, expired in July and while no one expected a new agreement to be in place that soon, news of the recent hiccup will further extend the process.


When you get close to him, he'll run at you. Put any weapon you have away and punch him as he comes at you. Engage him in hand-to-hand combat; depending on how strong you are, this may or may not be difficult for you. However, killing him with your hands and not with a weapon will net you a lot of money and respect, so it's totally worth it. When you've finally killed him, enjoy your first rewards on your first contract hit!


Quantitative analysis conducted on popular blockchain site Etherscan indicates that 184,441 transactions have been responsible for 10.2 million Ether (ETH) staked into the Eth2 (consensus layer) deposit contract since inception on Nov. 4 last year. This figure is equivalent to over $26 billion, based upon current Ethereum prices.


The second highest priced contract in Manhattan last week was also located in a Robert A.M. Stern-designed building, in the West Village. The 3,234-square-foot residence went into contract with an asking price of $16 million. It has four bedrooms, an office and a 36-foot long living room with Hudson River views, according to the report. The seller bought the unit in August 2013 for $14.25 million, the report said.


In terms of property types, condo apartments still made up the majority of luxury sales in Manhattan. There were 22 condo sales, six co-ops and two townhouses. One of the two townhouses was a 24-foot-wide townhouse in the West Village, which went into contract for $12 million. The other, on the Upper East Side, was asking $6.25 million, the report said.


While utilizing the contract method of programming zoning-rules, there is an option for defining the contract scope. This option must be given careful consideration if any route leaking/shared service design is required. If the wish is to get from one VRF to another within the ACI fabric, contracts are the method to do so.


As each zoning rule gets programmed, a matrix of the zoning-rule entry mapped against filter entries will begin to consume Policy CAM on the switches. While designing allowed flows through an ACI fabric, special care should be taken when re-using contracts, as opposed to creating new ones, depending on the end design. Haphazardly re-using the same contract across multiple EPGs without understanding the resulting zoning-rules can quickly cascade into multiple flows being allowed unexpectedly. At the same time, these unintentional flows will continue to consume Policy CAM. When Policy CAM becomes full, the zoning-rule programming will begin to fail which can result in unexpected and intermittent loss depending on configuration and endpoint behaviors.


This is a special callout for the shared services use case which requires contracts to be configured. Shared services typically imply inter-VRF traffic within an ACI fabric which relies on the usage of either a 'tenant' or 'global' scoped contract. To fully understand this, one must first reinforce the idea that the typical pcTag value assigned to EPGs are not globally unique. pcTags are scoped to a VRF and the same pcTag could potentially be re-used within another VRF. When the discussion of route leaking comes up, start to enforce requirements on the ACI fabric including the need for globally unique values including subnets and pcTags.


The figure below illustrates an example of contract enforcement where EPG-Web as consumer and L3Out EPG as provider have an intra-VRF contract. If VRF is set to Ingress enforcement mode, policy is enforced by the leaf nodes where EPG-Web resides. If VRF is set to Egress enforcement mode, policy is enforced by the border leaf nodes where L3Out resides if VM-Web endpoint is learned on the border leaf.


There are a variety of tools and commands that can be used to help in the identification of a policy drop. A policy drop can be defined as a packet drop due to a contract configuration or lack thereof.


An on-device Python script which produces an output that correlates the zoning-rules, filters and hit statistics while performing name lookups from IDs. This script is extremely useful in that it takes a multi-step process and turns it into a single command which can be filtered to specific EPGs/VRFs or on other contract related values. 350c69d7ab


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